maydkii oo dul dhooban yahayOn the fateful morning of the 28thof January 2014 at exactly 9 o’clock an innocent life was claimed by a speeding convoy of AMISOM’s armored vehicles on one of the busiest roads in Mogadishu; Makka Al Mukarama. The victim of the plight is the deceased Salah Noor Mohamed, a taxi driver with 9 children (3 boys and 6 girls) and a guardian of his late brother’s six children.

The late Salah was crossing the tarmac looking at his left side for any incoming vehicles at the Maka Al Mukarama Street near Trepiano. Unfortunately within first car knocked him hard and sent him flying in the air, unconscious and unable to move the second car smashed his head scattering his brains all over the tarmac as they proceeded at full swing as if nothing had happened. Bystanders who witnessed the cruel accident rushed to the scene gripped with intense panic and fear. The body of the late Salah was instantly surrounded with people and they all keened and cursed the AMISOM’s troops for the cruel act. The street was filled with chaos and frenzy as the protestors demanded justice to be served for the late Salah.


Policekii oo Goobta yimidThe police were quick to rush to the scene firing gunshots to disperse the angry mob but the infuriated mob were not easily dispersed by the gunshots because they were all emotional due to the tragic and barbaric act.The police in the scene assured the raging crowd that justice will be served for the late Salah and the AMISOM troops responsible will be held accountable for the accident. They also passed their condolences and assured the late Salah’s children and wife who were weeping uncontrollably over Salah’s body that they will be compensated for the dreadful death of the well known devoted father and loving husband.  After a while the two AMISOM vehicles were fortunately apprehended and a statement was recorded. An ambulance was then called to take the body to be prepared for burial.


After that fateful day, days have turned into weeks and weeks into months and the bereaving family still hasn’t received any word from both the AMISOM and the government who were assumed to be obliged in preserving order and seeking justice for its people. The deceased family has been going to the police station for days and all the police could say was that they will soon be compensated.  The family which was from a humble background is now uncertain of what the future holds for them since their bread winner has been ruthlessly killed and justice is still at large. The family and the elders of the late Salah are not in the position of hiring a lawyer to advocate to their plea.

mudaharaad shacabka


Alikar center for Peace, Human Rights & Democracy (APHAD), has decided to take an insight into the matter and visited the mourning family at their homestead in Maajo estate, Waberi district. APHAD staff met with the late Salah’s children and wife Mrs. Hakiimo Hussein Adan who were deeply depressed.



Mrs. Hakiimo welcomed us as she sat down in a dusty carpet with her children and started revealing to us about her husband,’’ I’ve been in love with Salah for over 25 years and we were the finest couple in the midst our people. At the verge of tears she continues to narrate about her late husband, ‘’ Salah was our breadwinner, he used to work as a taxi driver and the little he got from the rented car was the only source of income we relied on to cater for all our needs. ‘’Salah used to strive hard to ensure that his children and his OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAbrother’s children get quality education. ‘’ Salah had called me earlier and told me to get ready, we were supposed to go to ‘’Hamar Wayne’’ to visit some of our relatives and buy some groceries in Hamar Wayne market.  He had dropped every task he had just to make sure that we go to Hamar Wayne as planned.  ‘’I was ready and was expecting him to come through that door’, but unfortunately a panicked gripped boy came dashing to me and told me that Salah has been killed’’ I was immediately dumbfounded, I guess I was in comatose because it was the last thing I remembered. I was carried to the scene and woke up in utter and disbelief when I saw my beloved husband lying in a pool of his own blood with his face smashed up and his brains scattered all over the road. ‘’ I hysterically broke into tears as I hold my late husband into my lap while my children sobbed and snuffledholding their father’s legs.  I talked to him hoping he’ll talk back but it was all in vain. The people at the scene comforted me and took me to a shade away from the scorching sun.

From that day on, I haven’t been in the best of health. I’m severely traumatized, emotionally and mentally disturbed. That is the most painful ordeal I’ve experienced, I have developed a nightmare that haunts me whenever I try to sleep, I always have visions holding my late husband in my lap crying over  his shoulders. I don’t how I can ever overcome it and have a peace of mind.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA‘’My major concern right now is how I’ll get my late husband’s reparation. I’ll need to find a way of getting an income for my family, to cater for all their needs. She tries so hard not to cry in front of her children but her eyes are bloodshot.  She has taken a few days training on tailoring and she’s now mending clothes in her estate as a life saving mechanism through a second hand sewing machine. We found some clothes in her homestead that was brought to her by her neighbours for sewing. She says she hasn’t got enough customers and the machine she’s using is an old one.  She hopes she’ll get a way to earn an income for her family probably a job steady enough to see her family through.  She neither has any subsistence support from anyone nor a job. She’s completely distressed about the demise of her husband, the reparation and what the future holds for her family.


OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA19 year old Warda Salah is the eldest daughter of thelate Salah. She’s in form three at Al- Imra high school. With tears flowing down her cheeks she says, ‘They’ve killed our father and we can’t get his reparation. We can’t find any important figure that will help us find our reparation from AMISOM.
We are poor and there’s no one to help us. ‘’ I don’t know how I’ll complete my studies; no one is there to pay my school fees. My hope for education and life is now stead fastly running into thin air. My father had promised that he’ll see me through university. He used to make connections with some people in Turkey and other places for my education but that is now all gone. My primary concern right now is how I will sustain my life and that of my siblings. I have to help my mother raise the children. She looked up the sky and said, ‘’ Oh Allah, you are the Judge, The Mighty, The Responder to Prayer. Please see us through this transition period. Help us find justice for our father and our reparation’’.



Mohamed Hussein is a nephew to the late Salah. He’s 20 years old and in form four. He was dismayed about the death of his uncle. He was raised by Salah after the death of his father and has now decided to drop out from school and start working for his uncle’s family. He’s greatly concerned on how he’ll get work, disquietingly he said, ‘’ Employment is not easy to find, Mogadishu is a city backed up by tribal minded and powerful people, apparently I have neither of the two’’.





OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA17 year old Harun is a son of the late Salah; he’s now in grade eight. He says he never used to know the pain of losing a father. He says he used to hear of his friends saying ‘’my father is dead,’’ but I never thought the feeling was this devastating’’. My life, education and my future lies in complete incertitude. ‘’The major concern I have right now is how I will get my meals’’ May Allah seek evenhandedness for us. I pray that we get our reparation and May retribution be found for my late father ‘’.


Young Harun says he has heard of people that were befallen by the same plight; some have died and some are crippled and there is nothing that anyone has done for them neither the AMISOM nor the Somali government. Young Harun surprisingly asked us these question with tears trickling down his cheeks, ‘’ Where’s the Somali government to intercede? Is AMISOM above the rules and regulations of the road? If we were from a bigger tribe/clan would we have gotten better treatment? ‘’Today I no longer have a father, deprived of the reparation, I don’t have wealthy relatives nor anyone to support us’’. ‘’ I don’t know what to do’’.



15 years old Sirad is another daughter of the late Salah, she now does the housechores because the maid has left. Emotionally distressed she says,’’ I can’t continue with my education, I have to do the house chores for my family since the house help has gone’’. Resentfully she lamented biting her lipsas a stream of tears flowed down her cheeks, ‘’ AMISOM has plunged us into this plight, spiflicated our future. May the almighty God be compassionate with us!




APHAD staff also met with the late Salah’s kinsmen and other relatives. They acrimoniously say that they can’t get Salah’s reparation based on the empty promises made by Somali government. ‘’they always gives us empty promise, it’s been a few months now and it’s clear that all our efforts are in vain’’. The Somali government has turned a deaf ear on us – and we think because of our tripe- and we don’t know how to reach AMISOM.’’ We as the tribesmen and the kinsmen of the late Salah have now decided to forget about the reparation and to support the family by asking well wishers to come forward and donate anything to this humble family’’






Everyone in the family looked weary, depressed and tentative about the future. The family is quite deplorable and the demise of their breadwinner has wiped away their smiles. They are now in deep sorrow. They need local and international intervention to oversee that justice is well served and reparation is paid to them.



Marxuumka madaxiisii uu gaarigu jiirey






APHAD hereby recommends the following;

1. Well wishers and international parties should intervene in this transitional period
2. Advocacy for the family reparation
3. The Somali government should swiftly intervene and see that justice is served
4. AMISOM should compensate the grief-stricken family
5. AMISOM should respect the rights of the Somali people
6. AMISOM should abide by the traffic regulations and the rules of the country


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1Somalia is yet to emerge out of its prolonged conflict and the challenges posed by lack of strong central government which still continues to affect its population in vast ways and also creating setbacks to its social, economic and political development. These insecurities and decades of conflicts continue to disrupt the lives of many ordinary civilians; thousands continue to be displaced from their original places of origin due to repeated conflicts and insecurity. The result is multiple violations taking place on the most vulnerable in the society.




Information on Persons with Albinism in Somalia


 Persons with Albinism are spread around Somalia and are not only concentrated in southern Somalia but they are also found in every district and all the regions of Somalia. Persons with Albinism are minimum compared to the majority of the Somalis living in Somalia whereby a real percentage is hard to reflect at moment because they have not been counted and no organization or Government has tried to support them before.


Our recent meeting which was carried out in Augusts 2013 where we met with nine persons with Albinism in the capital of Mogadishu who informed us on what was like living in Somalia for an Albino person – They have expressed their concerns and informed us that they are in extreme fear from the AU AMISOM forces since their first presence in Somalia. The Albino persons fear the African union forces because they heard that some Africans will kill an Albino person for blessings and gaining wealth. These made them mostly in fear and this perspective and believe scares off the Albino persons and from this fear they rarely get out and are always in hiding and indoors. This was also realized more when we personally encountered difficulties in locating them before meeting with them. They also told us that some of them once was seen by  the AU AMISOM forces and they were told they can be assisted by this African forces, this was difficult and it further made them extremely fearful and Isolated.


5They also further informed us how the rest of the Somalis marginalize them and will isolate them in many ways; this treatment is reflected by how the albino persons are secluded in all the social, economical, political wise and in all development of the Somali society. The Somali people perception about the Albino person is that this people are cursed and they think they have a skin condition (Baras) by the name leprosy and this perception makes them stay away from having any contacts with these persons. Overall the Somali people are Muslims and in Islamic believe it is not allowed to harm another Muslim person and this applies to everyone although this is not the case for everyone as Somalia is divided by different factions and continues to affect all persons. However this believe has in a way helped the Albino as they are not directly targeted by ordinary people however since Somalia is a conflict area the Albino person is more vulnerable than the normal Somali and will be easily be targeted, harmed and not cared for. Over the decades Somalia has been affected by conflicts that led and continues to take the lives of Innocent civilians.



Some of the needs for the Albinos persons in Somalia


1. Due to the reflections from the sun which affects their skin, the Albinos in Somalia are lacking creams and other body requirement that will   protect them from the effect of the sun all through the year. Some of them informed us that they are continuously affected by this and have cracked lips, eye problems and skin problems. Therefore they are need of body lotions that will protect from the UV rays, sun glasses huts and others. The Albinos are not accessed to health care services and continue to suffer in isolation

2. Need for separate schools and learning material since the Albinos are not allowed to mix free with others and are not accessed to education facilities.

3. Creating Separate vocational training institutions that provide necessary skills for creating livelihoods.

4. Creating separate health facilities that are can be accessed by the Albino and provide necessary support to the Albinos persons.

5. Awareness raising and Integration programs that will allow people to know what causes Albinism and abolish false myths about the condition of the Albino person

6. Advocating for the Albinos in Somalia


Shafi’i Mohamud Isse


Warbaahinta ku hadasha afka Soomaalida, beryahaan waxaa ku badan hadal haynta erayga KUFSIGA. Weydiintu waxay tahay kufsigu muxuu asal ahaan iyo macne ahaan ka taagan yahay, maxaase soo kordhiyey oo xad-dhaaf iyo aafo qaran ka dhigay?

Afarta maal adduunyo ee Somaalidu dhaqato, marka ariga loo kala saaro riyo iyo ido, loona qeybiyo lab iyo dhadig, laboodka “male” waa shan, haddiise lagu daro ragga, markaas laboodku waa lix. Marka loo kuurgalo sida ay u qooqaan lixdaas labood, waxaa loo kala saaraa: laba dhereg ku qooq, laba xilli ku qooq, laba qooq madhige. Ragga iyo farasku waa dhereg ku qooq, awrka iyo origigu waa xilli ku qooq, wanka iyo dibigu waa qooq madhige. Xishood iyo asluub wanaag darti Soomaalidii hore waa ka afgoobaadsatay soo hadalqaadka habka dhadigu u qooqo, waxayse u egtahay in dhadig iyo labood isla jaanqaadaan.

Habka shukaansiga iyo raalligelinta saaxiibta “partner” waxaa ugu wanaagsan oo horyaalka laboodka loo aqoonsan yahay orgiga, oo waxaa laysku waafaqsan inuu xataa ragga kaga fiican yahay naajaxinta iyo raalligelinta saaxiibti. Laboodka waxaa ugu xun oo xaasid arxamdarran loo aqoonsan yahay awrka. Orgigu ugu yaraan 72 saac ayuu saaxiibti maraaciyaa oo meel walba ka salaaxaa, ugu dambeystana saaxiibti oo naajax ah oo sida malabka u macaansanee ayuu orgeeyaa. Taas beddelkeeda, awrku isaga oo aan xataa salaamin saaxiibti ayuu qoorta uga fariistaa, kadibna iyadoo cabaadeysa oo aan abasax ahayn ayuu abbaahiyaa, markaas baa la yiraah awrku hasha waa kufsaday. Habdhaqanka awrka sida ka muuqata, macne ahaan kufsigu wuxuu ka taagan yahay dhadig aan raalli ahayn oo aan guux iyo gariir iyo dareen jinsi midna lahayn oo si xoog ah loo isticmaalay. Awrka qooqan arxam la’aantiisa iyo sida uu saaxiibti u jujuubay uguna jowrfalay ayaa laga soo minguuriyey erayga kufsiga.

Xeeldheerayaasha ku taqasusay xiriirka jinsi ee ka dhexeeya laboodka iyo dhadiga waxay qirsan yihiin macaamil wanaagga orgiga iyo jujuubka awrka in farqi weyn u dhaxeeyo. Sidoo kale waxay qeexeen dhadiga inay ugu wanaagsan tahay tixsiga oo saaxiibkeed oo saaran ayey hawada sare u duushaa oo leyr qaboow iyo saxansaxo udgoon ugu raaxeysaa. Malaha raaxadaas oo kale waxaa heli kara cirbixiyeenka dayaxa dushiisa ku dega, waase hadday ka kooban yihiin lab iyo dhadig is ogol. Xeeldheereyaashu waxay kaloo xaqiijiyeen dhadiga inay ugu xun tahay dameerta oo saaxiibkeed daamanka jebisa, oo horaa loo yiri dameeruhu waxay u daaman beelayaan waa dir hakaa haro.


Waayihii miyiga kufsigu aad buu u yaraa oo dhif iyo naadir buu ahaa, maxaa yeelay haweeneyda la kufsado waxay sababi jirtay dagaal lagu hoobto oo dhiig badani ku daato. Beesha haweenkooda la kufsado, gaar ahaan gambooleyda la qabo oo ah oori nin u dhaxday, haddaysan ka dhiidhin dhegxumada, gabdhahooda lama guursan jirin oo waa la yasi jirey. Ha-yeeshee gabadh beylaha laga helay oo meel cidlo’ ah ari la joogta ayaa marmar habaarqabe shaydaan duufsaday kufsan jirey. Gabadh la kufsaday reer miyigu xeer bey ka lahaayeen oo ganaaxa waxaa la saari jirey hadba qofkii gardaradu ku cadaato, sida qaalibka ah ninka ayaa gardarada la saari jirey, walow marmar gabadha gardarada la saari jirey. Meselan gabadha oo ku socota jidka weyn “toobiyaha toosan ee haloosiga ah” haddii la kufsado, ninka kufsaday ayaa la ganaaxi jirey, ha-yeeshee hadday jidka weyn ka leexato oo luuqa lagu kufsado ama quruxdeeda soo bandhigto oo ay gaado siman iyo naas gigtiran iyo indha cawlan oo eegmo caashaq leh ragga ku eegto, markaas gabadha ayaa gardarada la saari jirey oo waxaa lagu oran jirey adigaa si dadban ninka ugu baaqay oo macmacaanka rabay, wixii dhib soo gaareyna waxaa laga soo qaadi jirey kab-shaydaan ka faniintay iyo warankaagu ku doox. Gabadh golyee oo galmo xiiseyn darteed hadba gees dhuganee ayaa rag gidaar fadhiya ku tiri foox baa la ii soo diray dukaamadiina waa la xiray ee xagee ka doonaa, si ay u hesho wiil duceysan oo fooxa la doondoona. Nin fahmey danta iyo ulajeedada gabadha ayaa yiri “foox doon haddaad tahay dukaan furan ma weyseene, maxaa faras magaalaha ku dhigay fiidki laga seexday”. Ninka gabadh kufsaday in la ganaaxo Soomaalidu waa ka siman tahay balse heerka ganaaxa gobolladu waa kala beddelan yihiin, waxaase loo badan yahay in ninka wax kufsaday lagu xukumo inuu gabadha guursado iyo 22 ceesaamood oo ka taagan meherkii uu ferjigeeda ku banneystay.

Waxaa kaloo jiri-jirtey kufsi ciilbax ama aarsi. Laba beelood markey dagaallamaan, qolada laga guuleysto ee goobta laga yeesho, ariga mooyee ishkinta iyo fardaha waa laga dhici jirey, haweenkoodana gabadh iyo gambooleyda waa la kufsan jirey, kufsigaasi wuxuu ka dhignaa bahdil loogu quusdhabay qoladii laga adkaaday. Waa dhaqan guud oo aadamigu ka siman yahay, xasuuuso markii Ameerikaanku qabsaday Ciraaq wixii ka dhacay Xabsiga Abu-Qureyb. Haweenku waa nimco Alle ku manneystay ragga, raggii laga itaal-roonaaday in hantida laga dhaco waa caadi aadamigu isla ogol yahay.


1940-yadii goortii degis magaalo la billaabay, waxaa soo kordhay kufsi iyo fisqi, waxaana soo ifbaxay kufsi ku cusub Soomaalidii miyiga kasoo guurtay, kufsi magaalo waxaa ka mid ah:

  1. Askartii loo xilsaaray ilaalinta amniga awooddii dowladnimo iyo hubkii gacantooda galay si xun bey u isticmaaleen oo haween badan bey kufsadeen. Guuldarradii dagaalkii 77 mid ka mid ah waxaa loo aaneeyaa ciidammadii Soomaalidu waxay si safmar ah u kufsadeen haweenkii ku noolaa deegaannadii ay xoreeyeen, gaar ahaan dad culumo ah oo haweenkoodii la kufsaday ayaa habaaray oo inkaartaasi waa asiibtay ciidammada Soomaalida, inkaartaas wixii ka dambeeyeyna ciidan Soomaaliyeed oo tayo iyo anshax leh waa la waayey. 1960-yadii Daraawiishtii Boliiska ilaa Koofiyad Castii Siyaad Barre sidii waxashnimada ahayd ee ciidanka dowladu haweenka u kufsaday waa ka baaxadweyn tahay wax qoraal lagu soo koobi karo, waa dembi culus oo laga galay xuquuqul iinsaanka, una baahan baaris qotadheer iyo maxkamad caadil ah.
  2. Kufsi silloon oo la yiraah “dabagur” oo sida la sheegay asalkii hore kasoo ifbaxay deegaanka Woqooyi-Bari kadibna ku faafay gobollada dhexe. Qofka sida caadiga ah u fekera in la fahamsiiyo “dabagur” way adag tahay sababtoo ah mar raalli buu ku dhacaa, marna tuuganimo buu ku dhacaa. Meselan haweeney meel daleel ah seexatay oo xaaladeedu tahay “beerka jecli – lega jecli” oo macmacaanka rabta isla markaana xishooneysa ayaa ku andacootay xalay anigoo hurda ayaa layga adeegtay oo lay “dabaguray” marna haweeney daalan oo hurdo la suuxsan “deep sleep” ayaa la dabaguraa, taasina waa kufsi silloon. Walow Macallin Shaydaan dalka wada gaarsiiyey, waayihii Soomaalidu Muslimka toosan ahayd ee xishoodku dambeeyey, kufsiga silloon ee loo yaqaan dabagur waxaa laga sheegi jirey Beledweyne ilaa Bosaaso, gobollada kalena kuma badneyn.
  3. Waxaa kaloo jiri jirtey kufsi ku siman Xamar kaliya. Gabdhihii loo yiqiin “dabagaab ama makaaryoos” ee laamiga istaagi jirey “pickup girls” ama caanka ku ahaa qoob-ka-ciyaarka caweysyada. Gabadh kasta waxay lahayd “gaashaan” macne ahaan gaashaan waa wiil dilaa ah oo gabadha jirkeeda ka ganacsataa ay magaciisa goobaha caweyska ku joogto oo shartiisa laga cabsado. Gabadhii gaashaan la’aan suuqa meereysata, koox dhallinyaro ah ayaa kufsan jirtay oo saf u geli jirtay.
  4. Murti baa leh “wadaad iyo ooridiisa – dameer iyo ninka wada” meesha loogu xaqsoorayo Allow hayna joojin. Waa erayo culus oo ka baaraandeg u baahan. Waayihii hore waxaa dalka ka jirey wadaad isku sheeg haweenka ku indhasarcaadiya “cajir caalim salaaxay cadaabi ma taabato iyo qudba-siro oo ah guur qarsoodi ah”. Waxaa beddelay koox timir iyo dhaqaale kale ka hesha Carabta, waxay dalka ku baahiyeen guur bille “short term” la yiraah dar-Alle iyo derin oo marka gabadha johorada bigrada laga jeexo, laguna raaxaysto muddo bil ah layska furo oo lagu yiraah “naftaa ku diiday” ee macasalaamo. Somaali tiro badan “rag iyo dumar” ayaa guurka noocaan ah u aqoonsan kufsi si dadban haweenka loogu bahdilay, ha-yeeshee anigu kama garsoori karo, sababtoo ah adduunka kama jiro dhaqan laysku waafaqsan yahay oo wanaag iyo xumaan, qurux iyo fool xumo waa hadba sida bulshadu u taqaan.


Kufsiga bahalnimo ee sannadahaan gees-ka-gees geyiga ku baahay, wax la barbardhigo iyo si loo macneeyo lama yaqaan. Qowmiyadda Soomaalida haweenku waa ka badan yihiin ragga oo sida Carabta baahi haween Soomaaliya kama jirto. Guur iyo gaabsi qofba dooqiisa si sahlan buu ku heli karaa. Kufsiga cusub waxaa ku jira mugdi iyo macne shirqool xambaarsan oo si fudud aan loo fahmi karin. Wuxuu noqday camal-shaydaan laysugu faano iyo dhaqan xumo dalka lagu faafiyo. Guud ahaan maamullada dalka ka jira, dhaleeceyn iyo kufsigu waa aafo qaran ayey dhaafi-waayeen, ayaandarro marnaba ma asiibin meesha sartu ku quruntay iyo ciriqa aafada. Wabi qarka jebiyey oo fatahay biyihii dhulka maasheeyey haddii la dhuro iyadoo aan marka hore qarkii jabay la dhisin, taasi waa xoog doofaar lagu eryey iyo cudurka geela ku dhaca oo gammaanka laga daweeyey. Waxyaabaha kufsiga soo kordhiyey iyo kooxaha faafiya waa in la aqoonsado kadibna ciriqa aafada la ciribtiraa. Kaabeyaasha kufsiga iyo kooxaha hirgeliya baaris kooban oo aan ku sameeyey, natiijadii waxay noqotay sidatan:

  1. (Sababta 1aad): Daroogada dalka ku baahday “qaadka – calaqa- qamriga — xashiishka iwm”. Nin qaad raamsaday oo calaq cabay kadibna xashiish dhuuqay wuxuu la mid yahay waraabe waalan waana khasab inuu wax kufsado.
  2. (Sababta 2aad): Aflaamta anshax-xumada jinsiga “pornographic sex films” siiba telefanada muuqaalka leh “mobile with camera” ee inta badan dhallinyaradu haystaan. Baydhabo ayaa Shabaab ka joojiyey aflaamta jinsiga, kadibna shanaamadii waxaa lagu beddelay  moobayl muuqaal weyn leh oo laga soo waariday Shiinaha oo si fudud aflaamta looga daawado, dabadeed dhallinyaradii waxay yiraahdeen “hooba Shabaab diiday, Shiineysaa sheenay shanaamo yaris”.
  3. (Sababta 3aad): NGOley (Ajnebi & Soomaali) dalka ku faafiya noocyada kala duwan ee fisqiga “rape – AIDS – homosexual – lesbian etc”. 2010 Gaal Jarmal ah oo NGOleyda ka mid ah ayaa Hargeysa rag iyo dumar sida xoolaha isu fuushan filim anshax-xumo ah ka duubay. Waxay ahayd fadeexad magac-xumo u soo jeeday qowmiyadda Soomaalida. Sidoo kale Mombasa Keenya, Gaal NGOley ah ayaa eey sidii nin loo tababaray kala yimid Yurub kadib eeygii 12 gabdhood ayuu fuulay oo u galmooday, intii anshax-xumada jinsigu socotay filim ayuu ka duubay. Gaal NGOle iyo haweenkii hadda waa xiran yihiin oo baaris baa ku socota waana maxaabiis maxkamad sugeyaal ah. Fisqiga NGOleydu hadduu Soomaaliya ka sii socdo, mardhow waxaa arki doona dhaqan xumada reer Galbeedka ee loo yaqaan “Same sex marriage” guur dhexmara laba isku jinsi ah “laba dhadig ama laba labood”
  4. (Sababta 4aad): Ciidammada AMISOM qeyb libaax bey ka qaataan faafinta fisqiga waxayna la saf yihiin NGOley, waxay kaloo si xoog leh u faafiyaan AIDS. Gabadh gaajoon oo seddax-qad ah qado la siiyey haddii lagu qaawiyey, waa nooca kufsiga ugu xun oo ku saleysan ka faa’iideysi baahi-daran iyo saboolnimo. Hadda waxaa dalka jooga carruur ku hadaaqeysay “aabbeyaasheen magacooda AMISOM ha asteyso”. Kufsiga dadban iyo fisqiga AMISOM dalka ku baahisay hadduu sii socdo shan sano oo dambe, haweenka AIDS la qaadsiiyey iyo carruurta ay dhaleen waxay noqon qabiil ballaaran oo lagu magacaabi doono “Beesha AIDS-AMISOM” heerka AIDS-kuna wuxuu gaari doonaa 20%. Inkaar-qabeyaasha indhashareerka leh ee subax walba ku kallaha xeryahooda ee ku andacooda isbitaalka AMISOM baan u soconaa, mar ciidammada shisheeye ayey u yihiin addoon galmo “sex slave”, marna bulshada ayey AIDS ku faafiyaan. Allow Soomaali ka samatabixi siriqda gumeysiga.
  5. (Sababta 5aad): Dableyda hubeysan oo markey marqaamaan haweenka ku xooga hubka ay haystaan. Dableyda waxaa ugu daran mooryaanta u xuubsiibatay ciidan qaran oo haba yaraatee aan lahayn xishood dadnimo iyo xeer xakameeya oo ay ciqaabtiisa ka baqaan.
  6. (Sababta 6aad): Saxaafiyiin la shaqeysa NGOleyda ku andacoota inay yihiin afhayeennada “xuquuqul iinsaanka” halkii dhacdo kufsi waxay ka dhigaan 50 dhacdo, waxay buunbuuniyaan been-abuur si xishood la’aan ah loo baahiyo “sirqo 80 jir ah iyo saqiir 3 jir ah ayaa la kufsaday”
  7. (Sababta 7aad): Guuldarradii dagaalkii 77 kadib carruurtii dhalatay waxay ku garaadsadeen kuna indhafureen fowdo iyo jahawareer, dowlad la’aan iyo dad akhlaaq ahaan u burburay isla markaana “kufsi-dil-dhac” ay nolol maalmeedka ka mid yihiin. Dhallinyaradaasi waxay noqdeen dilaa-sare iyo dugaag aan waxba ka naxin, una haliilaya inay naftooda ku halligaan “tahriib-badaha-isqarxin”. Nin baa yiri abkey doolli dilow, dad nool maas u daahaa iyo Allihii ugaas diley inta kale waa u sahal. Wiil ay la fududahay inuu naftiis macne la’aan iyo si fudud u halligo “kufsi-dil-dhac” shaah la cabay kala fudud.

Waxba yaan gocashadu ila gudbine aan qoraalka soo gunaanado. Magaalo gabowday ayaa guddi Injineero ah loo xilsaaray inay kasoo talo bixiyaan “in lagu sii noolaan karo iyo in kale”. Baaris muddo dheer qaadatay kadib waxay duqii magaalada u soo gudbiyeen warbixin ka kooban seddax eray oo ah “magaalada hallaga guuro”.  Seddaxda eray een bulshada u soo gudbinaa waxay yihiin, “wixii dhiiglahow kaca” oo ka dhiidhiya dhegxumada. Soomaalida silica iyo saranseerku la degay waa inay si degdeg ah ugu tallaabsato laba ficil oo maanta muhiim ah:

  1. Haweenku waa nugul iyo ilmadow xaq u leh in sharaftooda iyo qiyamkooda la difaaco. Sidaas awgeed habaarqabihii wax kufsada waa dugaag mudan in bulshada laga qabto ee waa in si dedeg ah loo deldelo, meydkiisana aan la aasin muddo seddax ayaamood. Ciqaabta kufsiga waa in lagu dabaqo shareecada islaamka oo marnaba aan lagu xallin xeer-dhaqan odayaal dejiyeen.
  2. Mar baa haweenku yihiin horror magac-xumo iyo musiibo kale bulshada u soo hooya. Sidaas awgeed haweenka xadgudbay ee ka baxay xayndaabka anshaxa suuban iyo ku dhaqanka shareecada waa in xakame bir ah lagu giijiyo oo la tirtiro naaneysta xun ee haweenka Soomaaliyeed lagu suntay “cheap clean and hot cake”. Ninkii aan muxaramaadkiisa fisqiga ka reebin waa DAYUUS,  xadiis Nabi Muxamed scws ka sugnaaday wuxuu qeexayaa DAYUUS ma uriyo jannada udugeeda. Soomaaliyeey hadafkeennu ha ahaado joojinta kufsiga haweenka lagu kadeeday iyo xaqiijinta karaamadooda. Soomaaliyeey hadafkeennu ha ahaado in gacan bir ah lagu qabto inkaar-qabeyaasha indhashareerka leh ee aafada AIDS faafiya isla markaana sumcad xumada u soo hooyey haybadii haweenka Soomaaliyeed ee beri ahaan jirey horyaalka xishoodka iyo dhowrsoonaanta.  Wa Billaahi Towfiiq

W/Q: Abdulkadir Osman “Aroma”




On 3rd June 2013, the ALIKAR CENTER FOR PEACE, HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRACY (APHAD) held one-day awareness program for the community at Shirdon Hotel in Abudwak, Galgadud, Somalia. APHAD implemented the workshop and was financially supported by the Danish Refugees Council (DRC) This work shop facilitated by Abdifitah and Omar .

33 participants from diverse backgrounds, including men, students, women young girls and Boys were invited. All participants were the residents of Abudwak district. 50 percents of the participants were females. During the discussions, the participants discussed and gave excellent examples after understanding each topic of the Work shop.


The main objectives of the work shop were to:

  • Provide a platform for sharing of experiences and knowledge of both work shop facilitators and participants about the Somali children and their rights
    • To raise level of community awareness against child rights violations
  • Identifying the obstacles of the child rights and discusses the strategies that could help to overcome these obstacles at the community levels.
  • Promote the community leaders’ knowledge in child rights to facilitate child rights in their environment.
  • Build up the participants’ understanding of how they can stop the child rights violation
  • Increase the awareness of the participants about the child rights.


  • Understanding human rights
  • Definition of child
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • Grave violation against children in Somalia
  • How we can improve our children’s rights



This report concludes that this workshop was a good value. The outcomes of this workshop indeed show that the participants leant the objectives and the knowledge that the facilitators taught. Mr. Omar from APHAD closed the ceremony after completion of one-day work shop and thanking the participants for their participation and their patience.

Please see attached photos here;

By: Abdifitah Dahir Jama
Abudwak, Galgadud, Somalia


Shirka Soomaliya ee Lodon: Talo Soo jeedin







Ujeeddo: Talo-siin

Xarunta Calikaar ee Nabadda, Xuquuqul Insaanka iyo Dimuquraadiyadda waxay mar walba garab taagan tahay dadaallada ay u samaynayaan Dawaladda Feederaalka iyo Beesha Caalamka soo Celinta Nabadda, deggannaanshaha, maamul wanaagga, la dagaallanka musuqmaasuqa iyo hormarinta dhaqaalaha, bulshada iyo Xuquuqul Insaanka.

Shirkii London ee 23 Actober 2012kii wuxuu u ahaa bilow Fiican isu soo dhaweyna fikiradihii kala durugsanaa iyo in Beesha Caalamku sifiican u arkaan dhibka Soomaalida haysta, taasoo ay ugu darneyd Abaarihii ba’naa ee markaas jirey, Aragagixisada iyo weliba Burcad-badeedda, wuxuu ahaa shir Soomaali oo dhan meel walba oo ay joogtey la maqsuudday.

Shirkii 14 April ee 2013 ka dhacay Magaalada Ankara ee Waddanka Turkiga kuna dhex maray Madaxda Soomaali laan iyo Madax dawladda wuxuu runtii soo celiyey rajadii laga qabay in ay  Dawladda cusub sii dar dar geliso hawlaha isu soo dhaweynta dawaladda iyo maamulka Soomaali laan. Inkasta oo uu ahaa bilow fiican laakiin awoodda lama saarin meelaha ay muhiimka ahayd in laga wada hadlo.

Shirka 7May ee ka dhacaya Magaalada London, oo ay ka soo qeyb galayaan ilaa 50dal oo daneeya inta badan arrimaha Soomaaliya ayaa waxaan rajaynaynaa in ay natiijo wanaagsan ay ka soo baxdo.

Xarunta Calikaar, waxay soo jeedinaysaa in shirkaas laga Qayb galiyo Bulshada Rayid ka ah qeybeheeda kala duwan iyo kuwa sida gaarka ah uga shaqeeya Xuquuqul Insaanka. Waxaan soo jeedinaynaa in Shirka London lagu Daro ajandeyaasha muhiimka ah Arrimahaha Xuquuqul Insaanka.

Sida War-bixin ay aruurisay Xaruntaan sheegayso in tacadiyada Xuquuqul Insaanka ka dhanka ah ay sameeyaan inta badan Ciidamada Dawladda qeybehooda kala duwan.  Waxaana sidoo kale War-bixin ay soo saartey Hay’adda Human Rights Watch March 2013 ku caddeed in Dawladda ciidamadeedu ku lug leeyihiin tacadiyada ka dhanka ah Xuquuqul Insaanka.

Waxay kaloo Xaruntu soo jeedinaysaa in la hormariyo laamaha caddaaladda si markaas loo helo caddaalad la hor geeyo dadka sameeya falalka ka dhanka ah xuquulqul insaanka.

Waxay Xaruntu sidoo kale soo jeedinaysaa in Ciidamada ammaanka la wacyi geliyo lana siiyo casharo ku saabsan qiimiha Aadanaha iyo sida loo dhawro xuquuqdooda asaasiga ah, mushaaraadkoodana joogto loo siiyo.

Dawladdu waa in ay ka shaqeysaa Garsoorka una magacawdo dad caddaaladda iyo aqoonteedaba ku xeeldheer si markaas loo soo afjaro dhibaatada caddaalad darro oo ay ugu horreyso kala awood sarreynta iyo Hantida lakal haysto taasoo iyadana qeyb ka ah dhibaatada Soomaaliya ka taagan.

Si arrimahan kor lagu soo xusey loo gaaro, waxaa muhiim ah in ay dawladdu la tashato Shacabka iyo dhaqdhaqaaqa bulshada rayidka ah, si ay talooyinku kor iyo hoosba ugu socdaan.